What are the dangers of smoking my waterpipe during the coronavirus disease pandemic?

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The main ingredient used in waterpipe is tobacco, and its use has both acute and long-term harmful effects on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems , likely increasing the risk of diseases including coronary artery disease and COPD .
The communal nature of waterpipe smoking means that a single mouthpiece and hose are often shared between users, especially in social settings . In addition, the waterpipe apparatus (including the hose and chamber) itself may provide an environment that promotes the survival of microorganisms outside the body.